About the composer
Gioacchino Rossini (1792 – 1868) was born in Pesaro, Italy. In view of his background of composing mainly comic operas the few religious compositions of Rossini (Petit Messe Solenelle, Stabat Mater) are sometimes criticized as less serious. Notwithstanding the strong operatic tendencies, especially in the Stabat Mater, this was absolutely not Rossini’s intention. To the contrary, as we can learn from his note to the manuscript of the Petite Messe, he composed these works from a real religious feeling: “Here it is then, this poor little Mass. Have I written truly sacred music, or just damn bad music? I was born for opera buffa, as you well know. Not much skill, but quite a bit of feeling – that’s how I’d sum it up. Blessed be thy name, and grant me a place in Paradise“. At first Rossini composed only sections 1 and 5 through 9 from the intended ten sections of his Stabat Mater. Due to an attack of lumbago, either real or strategic (Rossini was not very motivated, in the beginning), the other sections were composed by Giovanni Tadolini from Bologna. In this form it was played in Madrid in 1832. However, before it could be published Rossini succeeded in getting back the manuscript and re-composed the Tadolini-sections. In 1842 it had its premiere in its definite form. An instrumental parafrase Fantasia su motivi dello Stabat Mater di Rossini was written some years later by Saverio Mercadante.
About the Stabat Mater
Soprano, alto, tenor, bass, mixed choir and orchestra
|Length:||CD 1: 61.05 minutes, CD 2: 59.23 minutes, CD 3: 65.03 minutes, CD 4: 59.27 minutes|
The poet Heine wrote after hearing the Stabat Mater that the theater seemed "a vestibule of heaven". The audiences were deeply moved by the somber beauty of the long opening and taken by the beautiful melodies of the following movements. As evidence of Rossini's serious purpose the work ends with a great double fugue.
The "Analecta"-version of the text is used, with following changes:
Information about the recording
|CD1:||EMI Classics 7243 5 65845 2 (double CD): Stabat Mater – Rossini, Schubert, Vivaldi, Verdi|
Five completely different settings of the Stabat Mater. A “must” for every collector, especially as it has the only performance of Schubert’s Stabat Mater D.175. The Rossini Stabat Mater was recorded in November 1982.
|Orchestra:||Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino|
|Choir:||Coro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino|
Catherina Malfitano, soprano
Giuseppe Verdi, Stabat Mater
|CD2:||Deutsche Grammophon 449 178-2: Rossini, Stabat Mater|
A good performance with top soloists. Recorded at the Grosser Saal der Musikverein, Wien, in June 1995.
|Choir:||Konzertvereinigung Wiener Staatsopernchor|
Luba Orgonasova, soprano
|CD3:||SP01: Rossini, Stabat Mater|
Not a commercial CD. This performance and registration origins from an initiative of some Dutch Stabat Mater enthousiasts, who later founded the Stabat Mater Foundation. Recorded at the St.Jan cathedral, ‘s Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands, in March 1997.
|Orchestra:||Orchestre Philharmonia de Paris|
|Choir:||Choeur Symphonique de Paris|
Marie-Paule Dotti, soprano
|Code:||1998 ROS 04|
|CD4:||Stichting Stabat Mater 2008 (cd 10)|
Recorded at the St.Peter church, Oirschot, the Netherlands, in March 2008 published by the Stabat Mater Foundation.
|Orchestra:||Het Brabants Orkest|
Renate Arends, soprano
Daan Manneke, Stabat Mater
|Code:||2008 MAN 01|
|CD5:||APR 5504 Frederic Lamond, The complete Liszt recordings|
Liszt frequently made transcriptions for piano from famous compositions of other composers; one was Rossini’s Stabat Mater. Mr. Decker was so kind to provide me with interesting and valueble extra information and thanks to him, I could order this CD with Liszt’s piano version of Cuius Animam Gementem.
Frederic Lamond, piano
17 LIszt recordings by Frederic Lamond